and why dump a perfectly good pair of scissors??!
“Eastside NPT have been alerted to a large amount of cannabis plants that have been dumped locally, PCSOs have now cleared the area.”
and why dump a perfectly good pair of scissors??!
“Eastside NPT have been alerted to a large amount of cannabis plants that have been dumped locally, PCSOs have now cleared the area.”
Victoria Atkins sprouting more utter shite, I really fucking hate that bitch
Canopy Growth Corp. has joined forces with a U.K. researcher of cannabis-based therapies after the British government moved to liberalize the use of medical marijuana.
The new company, formed with Beckley Canopy Therapeutics Ltd., aims to make products available in Britain from early this year. The government made it legal for specialist doctors to prescribe medical marijuana for patients with severe clinical need in November.
“We are witnessing the birth of the U.K. medical cannabis industry, an industry borne out of the unmet clinical needs of patients across the country,” said Marc Wayne, co-managing director of the venture, called Spectrum Biomedical U.K. The partnership “is testament to the importance of the opportunity to help patients access the medicine here in the U.K.,” he added in a statement.
The venture was created after Canopy, a Canadian giant of the cannabis industry, conducted clinical trials of marijuana-based drugs in the U.K. last year. The company and its investors said they put 7.4 million pounds ($9.5 million) into testing products for treatment of pain and opioid dependence.
As adult-use and medical-marijuana policies become more commonplace, the canna-curious demographic is growing. Whether these naive consumers are interested in cannabis for its therapeutic or recreational benefits, many are not up for the gamble of smoking flower to see what happens. Rather, the new cannabis consumer is looking for an exact, consistent experience to reliably target either a particular medical ailment, or to bring about a specific, desired effect. And it turns out, these consistent, tailored experiences, as well as the technology used to procure them, comprise a company’s intellectual property — which can be transferred, legally, anywhere in the country. After all, we’re not talking about actual weed here, just its abstract scientific expression and methodology.
Some companies are turning that into a growing business. Innovative research and development companies with clinical labs are experimenting with plant genetics and chromatography, using a process of trial and error to see how different cannabinoids and terpenes uniquely interact with the human body. Ebbu and LucidMood, for example, both out of Colorado, are working on ways to customize the user experience, even to customize the cannabis plant itself, in order to emphasize a particular set of compounds.
“You can get something along the lines of a designer high,” says Tristan Watkins, chief science officer of LucidMood, which curates cannabinoid and terpene ratios to foster different moods for a line of vape pens (“party,” “bliss,” “relax,” “focus,” and “sleep” just to name a few). “We wanted to build additional formulations to help highlight or amplify the positive effect that people were looking for out of cannabis, while also mitigating the antithesis [of that effect],” he says.
Manipulating the ratios of these compounds will be what brings cannabis to the mainstream, he says. “With this formulated cannabis you have a lot more control over how you feel and maintaining consistency in the product, regardless of what state it was created in.” And that curated cannabis product will be the same six months later, or whenever you next try it. “It removes a lot of concern and perceived risk for the consumer,” Watkins adds.
To draft a formulation, scientists must first deconstruct the cannabis plant down to its individual compounds. Then, they can study the effects of those compounds, in isolation.
To understand, for instance, the extent to which the terpene linalool causes drowsiness, scientists would first look at how a particular ratio of THC and CBD alone impacts energy, and then what happens when a certain amount of linalool is added to that ratio. “We build up a step-by-step process until we find that our formulation was efficacious,” Watkins explains.
While THC and CBD are the most well-known cannabinoids, the cannabis plant contains dozens of active compounds — meaning that lesser known cannabinoids like CBN or CNG, for instance, as well as various terpenes, have yet to grab the spotlight. However, by isolating these compounds, scientists can better understand how they work and how to use them in context.
“There’s no way to make a true mainstream unless you can deliver on the concept of trust,” says Jon Cooper, founder and former CEO of Ebbu, now vice president of business development for Canopy, which acquired Ebbu for $4 million in October. “When we looked at this plant, we quickly started realizing that this thing is chemical chaos.” That’s what led Cooper and his colleagues to break down the cannabis plant and put those isolated compounds back together into specific combinations for a consistent experience.
Founded in 2013, Ebbu built a discovery lab for cannabinoids. There, scientists started to grow live human receptors to understand, in real time, how they would interact with those compound isolates.
“That’s something we can replicate worldwide,” he says.”The goal here was twofold: How do we create the best, most enjoyable recreational products, but how do we utilize these cannabinoids to create the most efficaciou medicine that I truly believe has the opportunity for changing the lives for hundreds of millions of people?”
But moreover, he says, this form of cannabis medicine has the added bonus of not feeling like actual medication. “Wouldn’t it be great if they could drink a tea, versus popping a pill?” Cooper says. “In the next ten years, smokeable flower form will be less than 10 percent of what’s consumed in the marketplace — people won’t think of [cannabis] as a stoner thing anymore.”
What’s more, by conceiving of cannabis via scientific equations or as novel (read: edited) plant varieties, companies can license their IP anywhere in the world — legally.
Those executing cannabis R&D have the option to retain their IP as trade secret, or to partner with a cultivation company in any state in order to share their own proprietary cannabinoid/terpene ratios or technology — like that behind Ebbu’s genetic editing technique — to co-create weed-based, designer products.
“Under patent law, there’s no prohibition on patenting cannabis related technology,” says Alison Malsbury, a San Francisco-based intellectual property attorney with cannabis law firm Harris Bricken. “For that reason, there’s no problem with patenting formulations of cannabis compounds so long as they meet other requirements for patentability.”
“The thing that operators need to be aware of is if they transfer ownership of the patented technology to another company, how that company made use of that technology would be dictated by state law,” says Malsbury. “You can patent cannabis-related technology all day long and not violate federal law, but where federal law comes into play is where you are actually using that patented technology.” In California, only license-holders can participate (and collaborate with other license-holders) in the state’s regulated system.
Another thing to beware of are patent trolls, she adds, companies that buy up patented technology in a variety of industries, but never use that technology — rather, they just use their patent rights to prevent other people from using that technology and to extort licensing fees.
Even so, these artificial preparations of cannabis compounds are different, namely because whoever made the artifice is likely the sole party to come up with that specific combination. “Formulations are going to be one of the best routes to actually obtaining patent protection and that’s what’s appealing to pharmaceutical companies,” Malsbury says. “As we see them starting to take interest in cannabis, I think formulations will be one of the means by which they stake their claims in the market.”
There’s also something called a method patent, which makes proprietary the way something is made (assuming it’s a new method). “We’re seeing more people patenting the strains and formulations, as well as the methods of making these formulations,” says IP attorney John Mansfield, owner of Portland, Oregon’s Mansfield Law. With plenty of controversy around patent infringement lawsuits, Mansfield asks “whether we should be patenting cannabis at all.”
President hopes reviving the industry will signal high times ahead for Turkey’s economy and environment
Bags of hashish and marijuana seized by Turkish soldiers during an operation in the region are displayed on 24 May 2013 in the southeastern Turkish city of Diyarbakir
ISTANBUL, Turkey – When municipal officials from all over Turkey arrived at the presidential complex on Wednesday to attend a speech by President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, they didn’t expect him to speak about cannabis.
They were at the symposium to discuss something quite different: the role of local administrations in the new presidential system.
We destroyed cannabis in this country because of some enemies who were disguised as friends
– Recep Tayyip Erdogan
But Erdogan, who is known to change the content of his addresses spontaneously upon delivery, despite having a large group of speechwriters, took a different route.
To the congregated officials’ surprise, he began railing against plastic bags and the need to protect the environment. His solution? Cannabis.
“I remember my mother used to knit shopping bags that we could use when shopping. You don’t throw them away immediately, and go out shopping with them again. It is earth friendly, even if you wanted to dispose of it,” he said.
“These are made of cannabis.”
The Agriculture and Forestry Ministry, Erdogan revealed, was set to revive the cannabis cultivation industry, with a view to encourage the production of a raft of local products using new incentives.
“We destroyed cannabis in this country because of some enemies who were disguised as friends,” Erdogan said.
Turkish soldiers take position in a marijuana field during an operation on 8 July 2013 in the Lice district of the southeastern city of Diyarbakir (AFP)
There are conflicting accounts to explain the reason for the diminished production of cannabis in Turkey.
Some, like journalist and writer Yunus Eksi, an expert at Eurasia Strategic Researches Center (ASAM) who spoke to Turkish media last week, believes US policies forced Turkey into curbing cannabis farming.
“The US government, by leveraging its financial power, pressured other countries into removing cannabis-based medications from their national codex,” he told Russia’s Sputnik agency.
“After the US banned 37 cannabis-based medications, European countries followed its lead. Turkey also excluded cannabis products from its medical system from 1940 onwards.”
READ MORE ►
Legal cannabis offers doubtful buzz for Lebanon’s financial woes
Erdogan’s own rhetoric for the reason suggests that his government also agrees with this theory.
The Turkish opposition, however, says that the policies of Erdogan’s ruling Justice and Development Party (AK Party) are some of the fundamental reasons behind low production.
Deputy chairman the opposition Republican People’s Party (CHP), Orhan Saribal, told Russia’s Sputnik agency that the cannabis farming industry was destroyed by the government with faulty agricultural regulations.
“It was mostly destroyed before this government due to lack of incentives and increasing costs. But it totally ceased to exist thanks to this ruling party,” he said.
Since that announcement, developments have moved fast.
On Thursday, Agriculture Minister Berat Pakdemirli unveiled the project. He said that government has already permitted cannabis production in 19 provinces, and there were plans to increase the number of farms depending on the demand.
“Samsun Black Sea Agricultural Institute and Ondokuz Mayis University are conducting a research project on cannabis. We will approve new locations that will produce organic cannabis,” he said.
Governor of Kirklareli Osman Bilgin, followed suit later that day.
“There are 2.5 million cannabis plants naturally grown in our city. We won’t burn them anymore. We will contribute the economy with them,” he said, adding that the crop could be used to produce ship ropes.
Bilgin’s statements were quickly mocked on Twitter because of his claim that the cannabis plants weren’t planted by farmers but grew naturally. One Twitter user joked that it was because of these plants there was a very low crime rate in Kirklareli.
A man holds a placard for the legalisation of marijuana as he takes part in a gather in Bakirkoy district as part of the the May Day rally, in Istanbul (AFP)
Perhaps surprisingly, the idea of reigniting the cannabis industry has gained a lot of support in the more Islamist-leaning elements of the Turkish media.
On Sunday, daily Dirilis Postasi published a full front-page spread on the topic, with the headline “Cannabis production is a national matter.” The story included a very large graph with which the newspaper laid out the perceived benefits of cannabis, from the energy sector to the textile industry.
View image on Twitter
10:53 AM – Jan 13, 2019
Twitter Ads info and privacy
The article also accused “Western imperialists” of drying out Turkish soil “anywhere they set foot” in order to prevent agricultural work in the country.
Abdurrahman Dilipak, one of the most prominent Islamist writers who defends the legalisation of cannabis production and medical use, penned a column in the Yeni Akit newspaper the same day as Dirilis Postasi’s spread came out.
Dilipak argued that cannabis is only psychologically addictive and harmless compared to heroin and other drugs, so should not be treated as such.
“[The] Turkish Social Security Administration [SGK] should produce medication based on cannabis and distribute without a charge under the supervision of medical doctors,” he said, adding that in this way sale of cannabis could be taken from the hands of organised crime that profits from it.
Sun 20 Jan 2019 11.00 GMT
Does marijuana cause psychotic disorders such as schizophrenia, and do associated symptoms like paranoia lead to violent crimes? That’s what writer Alex Berenson is claiming. As part of his new book promotion, Berenson published a New York Times op-ed that also blames the drug for “sharp increases in murders and aggravated assaults” purportedly observed in some states that allow adult recreational marijuana use.
As scientists with a combined 70-plus years of drug education and research on psychoactive substances, we find Berenson’s assertions to be misinformed and reckless.
It is true that people diagnosed with psychosis are more likely to report current or prior use of marijuana than people without psychosis. The easy conclusion to draw from that is that marijuana use caused an increased risk of psychosis, and it is that easy answer that Berenson has seized upon. However, this ignores evidence that psychotic behavior is also associated with higher rates of tobacco use, and with the use of stimulants and opioids. Do all these things “cause” psychosis, or is there another, more likely answer? In our many decades of college teaching, one of the most important things we have tried to impart to our students is the distinction between correlation (two things are statistically associated) and causation (one thing causes another). For example, the wearing of light clothing is more likely during the same months as higher sales of ice-cream, but we do not believe that either causes the other.
In our extensive 2016 review of the literature we concluded that those individuals who are susceptible to developing psychosis (which usually does not appear until around the age of 20) are also susceptible to other forms of problem behavior, including poor school performance, lying, stealing and early and heavy use of various substances, including marijuana. Many of these behaviors appear earlier in development, but the fact that one thing occurs before another also is not proof of causation. (One of the standard logical fallacies taught in logic classes: after this, therefore because of this.) It is also worth noting that 10-fold increases in marijuana use in the UK from the 1970s to the 2000s were not associated with an increase in rates of psychosis over this same period, further evidence that changes in cannabis use in the general population are unlikely to contribute to changes in psychosis.
Evidence from research tells us that aggression and violence are highly unlikely outcomes of marijuana use. Based on our own laboratory research, during which we have given thousands of doses of marijuana to people – carefully studying their brain, behavioral, cognitive and social responses – we have never seen a research participant become violent or aggressive while under the influence of the drug, as Berenson alleges. The main effects of smoking marijuana are contentment, relaxation, sedation, euphoria and increased hunger. Still, very high THC concentrations can cause mild paranoia, visual and/or auditory distortions, but even these effects are rare and usually seen only in very inexperienced users.
There is a broader point that needs to be made. In the 1930s, numerous media reports exaggerated the connection between marijuana use by black people and violent crimes. During congressional hearings concerning regulation of the drug, Harry J Anslinger, commissioner of the Federal Bureau of Narcotics, declared: “Marijuana is the most violence-causing drug in the history of mankind.” He was compelling. But unfortunately, these fabrications were used to justify racial discrimination and to facilitate passage of the Marijuana Tax Act in 1937, which essentially banned the drug. As we see, the reefer madness rhetoric of the past has not just evaporated; it continued and has evolved, reinventing itself perhaps even more powerfully today.
There have been several recent cases during which police officers cited the fictitious dangers posed by cannabis to justify their deadly actions. Philando Castile, of St Paul, Minnesota, in 2016; Michael Brown, of Ferguson, Missouri, in 2014; and Keith Lamont Scott, of Charlotte, North Carolina, in 2016 were all killed by police who used some version of this bogus defense.
Ramarley Graham, Trayvon Martin, Rumain Brisbon and Sandra Bland all also had their lives cut short as a result of an interaction with law enforcement (or a proxy) initiated under the pretense of marijuana use suspicion.
Back in the 1930s, when there were virtually no scientific data on marijuana, ignorant and racist officials publicized exaggerated anecdotal accounts of its harms and were believed. Almost 90 years and hundreds of studies later, there is no excuse for these exaggerations or the inappropriate conclusions drawn by Berenson. Neither account has any place in serious discussions of science or public policy – which means Berenson doesn’t, either.
Carl L Hart is the chairman and Ziff professor of psychology and psychiatry at Columbia University and author of High Price: A Neuroscientist’s Journey of Self-Discovery that Challenges Everything You Know About Drugs and Society. Charles Ksir is professor emeritus of psychology and Neuroscience at the University of Wyoming and author of Drugs, Society and Human Behavior
How is it possible that distributing child pornography carries a lesser sentence than distributing cannabis ?
A former Ohio police officer will serve just 90 days in jail for child pornography charges while a Louisiana man will serve 5 years for conspiracy to distribute marijuana, according to a report from The Free Thought Project.
Last week, former Columbus, Ohio police sergeant Dean Worthington was sentenced to 9 years in prison after pleading guilty to four child pornography charges. But then the judge suspended all but 90 days of the sentence, to be served at the Franklin County Jail, because of Worthington’s history as a police officer. Worthington will also be required to pay a fine of $5,000 and register as a sex offender.
Franklin County Prosecutor Ron O’Brien said in a press release that Worthington had uploaded sexually explicit photographs of children to the website Tumblr. After the social media platform notified authorities, a search warrant was issued and authorities found six cell phones and other electronic devices that contained the pornographic images.
“This Columbus Police Sergeant was downloading child pornography to his personal cell phone,” O’Brien said. “This illegal behavior was discovered as a result of a tip Tumblr provided to law enforcement after Worthington uploaded an image of child pornography.”
“Between January and July of 2018, it is alleged that Worthington uploaded an image to Tumblr and downloaded multiple videos and images depicting young children engaging in sexual activity with adults,” O’Brien added.
Cathy Harper Lee, the executive director of the Ohio Crime Victim Justice Center, said that the sentence was too lenient.
“When offenders are only sentenced to 90 days in prison it sends a horrible message to crime victims, it sends a disturbing message to offenders, it undermines the serious nature of the crime and it allows that industry to flourish,” Lee said.
“Child pornography is a horrific crime that involves the production, distribution, and consumption of the images,” Lee added. “The children are sexually abused in order to produce the images. The images are distributed and redistributed to countless others—indefinitely, causing revictimization and long-term emotional trauma. This harm is magnified every time that material is circulated or downloaded. It’s time to take crimes against women and children seriously, especially child sexual abuse victims.”
Five Years for Pot
Meanwhile, last month Jabori Huntsberry was sentenced to 63 months in prison for marijuana distribution and other charges. Huntsberry had been convicted of mailing a package of marijuana from California to his neighbor’s house in Abbeville, Louisiana in 2014. Postal inspectors believed that he had been shipping cannabis from California to Louisiana, using different names and addresses. They also determined that $300,000 had been transferred to Huntsberry’s source of the marijuana in California.
Authorities initiated a controlled delivery of one of the packages and arrested Huntsberry after the package was accepted. U.S. Postal Service mail labels, money wire transfer receipts, two firearms, and handwritten records of pot transactions were discovered during a search of Huntsberry’s home.
Huntsberry was convicted in federal court of one count of conspiracy to possess with intent to distribute marijuana, one count of unlawful use of a communication facility, one count of possession with intent to distribute marijuana, and one count of possession of a firearm by a convicted felon. He will also be required to serve two years on parole after his release.
Only in Amerika -> High Times
This is crazy that the police are so ignorant they don’t realise people DO grow cannabis just to bake with.
And £26000????? WTAF
This is very exciting
Recreational marijuana isn’t even legal yet in New York; but that is not stopping one state school from adding cannabis industry as a minor, according to WSYR-TV, a local Syracuse outlet. Clearly, SUNY Morrisville is anticipating legalization of the adult-use market on the heels of Governor Cuomo’s clarion call for it. (New York legalized medical cannabis in 2014).
Starting in the fall 2019 semester, students at SUNY Morrisville will be able to minor in the cannabis industry. (Getty)GETTY
The program will focus on growing the plant, providing a framework of study that will enable students to understand the science behind production. Speaking to the media outlet, Jennifer Gilbert Jenkins, an assistant professor of agricultural science at the school, explained the rationale behind the program, which SUNY Morrisville hopes to roll out in time for the fall 2019 semester, “We’re an ag[riculture] and technical college. Our job is to train the workers that are on the ground in the workforce and that’s our goal, that’s what we’re doing. So, if these jobs are going to be there, we need to make sure our graduates are the ones filling those positions.”
Drawing heavily upon the school’s existing curricula in agricultural engineering, science and horticulture, the program will be tailor-made for the serious-minded. In other words, stoners need not apply.
“They want students who went for horticulture or similar environmental majors because they understand plant growth, they’re not just hiring the guy who was growing in his basement for 10 years…” said Howard Rice, an instructional support associate for the school’s horticultural department, when speaking to WSYR-TV.
Indoor marijuana plants (Getty)GETTY
To educate students on marijuana cultivation techniques, SUNY Morrisville will be planting hemp, a derivative of the same plant that produces marijuana and not marijuana. This is not a surprising substitution given that hemp is now federally legal since the passage of the 2018 Farm Bill. Hempcontains CBD, an active cannabis ingredient that does not get users high, unlike THC, an ingredient that does. As long as hemp contains no more than 0.3% of THC, it’s legal. More than that, it’s not.
Currently, there are 33 states and Washington, D.C. that have legal medical markets while 10 (plus D.C.) permit recreational use. Obviously, the school, as enthusiastic as it is about this booming though still fragmented industry, is wisely hedging its bets.
Said Rice: “The main difference is the levels of THC, so the hemp doesn’t have those psychoactive effects so we can use it as a model for growing marijuana.”
SUNY Morrisville is hoping this program, which is still in its development phase, will be a magnet for students wishing to learn about this industry vertical. To meet this goal, they are planning on leveraging their “expertise with the hemp plant and indoor farming, which they expect many marijuana growers to use, to help with the cannabis industry minor.”