an effort to ease medicinal cannabis in Thailand, on August 30, 2019 the Ministry of Public Health no longer lists cannabidiol (CBD) extracted from cannabis as a narcotic as long as it has 99% purity or more, and contains tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) not exceeding 0.01% by weight.

It also liberalizes 99%-pure CBD oil made from hemp (scientific name: Cannabis sativa L. subsp. sativa), with THC not to exceed the same rate of 0.01% in weight.

What it means in a layman’s term is that 99%-pure CBD oil made from cannabis or hemp with a mix of very little psychoactive THC is no longer a narcotic under the Narcotics Act of 1979.


High Hopes of Things to Come


People should not get carried away by the excitement of this partial liberalization for production, sales, imports, exports and possession of any extracts from cannabis and hemp remain under strict control of the authorities.


Legally, the liberalization can only be interpreted to mean the first step of actual liberalization of medical cannabis, pending further clearly defined regulations.

The August 30 regulation gives you hopes of a better day to come. But you need to wait; wait for favorable legal interpretation by the government and new clarifying regulations.

The most hopeful transaction out of the regulation is the ability for the private sector, local and foreign, to invest in the manufacturing of the 99%-pure CBD oil from cannabis and hemp.

The favorable interpretation by the authorities of the August 30 regulation that enables the private sector to import pure CBD oil extracted from hemp will immediately solve the ongoing problem of shortages of supply of medicinal cannabis in the country.


Foreign Investments in Local Cannabis Production


The 99%-pure CBD oil extracted from cannabis will no longer be considered a narcotic, only if it’s produced in Thailand. Imports are not possible for a period of five years ending in 2024. 

Speaking the other way around, the regulation currently bans imports of 99%-pure CBD oil made from cannabis for a period of five years from the date the regulation came into effect on September 2, 2019. Any imports during the banned five-year period continue to be illegal narcotics.

Without a doubt, the new rule favors Thailand-first manufacturing of CBD oil for medicine, while at the same time permits foreigners to invest in and hold one third or 33% of shares in a Thai manufacturing company that makes CBD oil.



A researcher showing an extraction instrument.


When the dust settles and rules and policy become clearer, this local cannabis-oil production potential can open up an industrial-scale manufacturing in the private sector, driven by advanced technology from overseas.

A cannabis production license continues to be required as there is a line drawn by the authorities between processing narcotic cannabis and its output of liberalized CBD extracts.

A production license is required to process narcotic cannabis in a factory and change it chemically to the liberalized 99%-pure CBD oil, with THC not exceeding 0.01% in weight.

As of this date, there are a few such licensed producers, all governmental organizations or public and private universities.

The Government Pharmaceutical Organization is the leader of this group, with high capability to turn their research production into a large commercial conglomerate; they are interested in the pure CBD oil, but has no imminent plans to manufacture it.

Subject to further regulations, more applicants from the private sector will be welcome.


Do Patients Need Possession Licenses to Treat Themselves?


Let’s suppose you now have a cannabis production license to make the pure CBD oil, a question arises as to whether or not you will also need separate licenses from the Food and Drug Administration to sell, import and export this supposedly free CBD oil? Probably, yes, interpreting from the present cannabis law and rules.

What about the patient’s side, will patients be required to have a possession license to treat themselves with the newly liberalized pure CBD oil?

Maybe not. At least that is what the present cannabis law says. Provided that the medicine is prescribed by a doctor specially trained in cannabis by the Department of Medical Services – there are about 1,200 of them at the moment for the entire country – these specialized doctors are awaiting a sufficient supply of cannabis oil to prescribe to patients.



Are International Travelers Required to Have Possession Licenses? 


This is the realm of the existing regulatory regime which has not been put into test. International patients with cannabis prescriptions from a foreign country will need a possession license from the FDA to bring cannabis medicines into Thailand for consumption.

How does the application process work? What documents are required? How long will it take?

Great uncertainty here! There are no answers to these questions. Neither are there any regulations issued to implement this flexible rule in the cannabis law. You need to explore further with the FDA.


Regulation Does Not Ban Pure CBD Oil Extracted from Hemp


The August 30 regulation clearly differentiates between the 99% CBD oil made from cannabis and the 99% CBD oil extracted from hemp.

While an import of the pure CBD oil from cannabis is banned for five years, there is no 5-year import ban on the pure CBD extracts from hemp!

By the book, everyone is free to import CBD oil with 99% purity made from hemp with THC content not to exceed 0.01% by weight once they receive a cannabis import license from the FDA. This may be a true intention of the drafter of the August 30 regulation, believed to be among officials at very high levels.

At the operating level among the authorities, however, this is an area of great bewilderment. In the minds of most officials, you cannot import the pure CBD oil in any event. They interpret the Aug. 30 regulation as a complete ban on imports of both cannabis-based pure CBD extracts and hemp-based pure CBD oil.

When you pointed out the letters of the law to them, they would be caught by surprise, become tentative, hesitant and unsure of the exact answer. They apparently need time to check and reach conclusion among themselves, and most effectively to consult with the drafter of the rule. 

Again by law, the August 30 regulation does not ban imports of CBD oil extracted from hemp with 99% purity and a THC component not to exceed 0.01% by weight!

To be fair to the officials, they are stepping into uncharted territory and find it hard to keep up with new regulations themselves. They are told at briefings what can and cannot be done. It will take a bit of patience for everyone to move gradually to more clarity, backed up by additional detailed regulations.





Greg Hunt ‘concerned’ about legalisation of cannabis but no plans to override ACT law



Greg Hunt ‘concerned’ about legalisation of cannabis but no plans to override ACT law




Health minister says he will leave legal issues to attorney general as criticism from senior ministers grows


Health minister Greg Hunt says he is ‘very concerned’ by the legalisation of cannabis in the ACT as it poses ‘a very significant health risk’.


The Morrison government has “no plans” to override the Australian Capital Territory’s new law legalising possession of cannabis, the health minister Greg Hunt has said.

On Friday Hunt and treasurer Josh Frydenberg added to a growing chorus of senior federal ministers criticising the law – of which home affairs minister Peter Dutton is most vocal – but held the line against directly overriding it.

The attorney general Christian Porter has warned ACT cannabis users may not be protected by the law because of a separate commonwealth offence and has asked for the Australian Federal Police’s advice on how they interact.


Hunt told ABC Radio in Melbourne he will leave the legal side of the issue to Porter, but there are “no plans at this stage” to override the ACT law, which would require an act of federal parliament.

“On the health side, I’m very concerned – we know that the Royal College of Psychiatrists in the UK has directly linked marijuana use to psychiatric conditions such as schizophrenia,” he said.


Hunt said cannabis had a “very significant mental health risk” citing the fact frequent users have double the likelihood of schizophrenia, and quadruple for those who started using it before the age of 15.


Earlier, Frydenberg said the Morrison government does not support the laws and described drug use as “criminal behaviour”.

Frydenberg said the federal government will “review the laws … to understand the true impact between the commonwealth laws and the ACT laws”.

The ACT laws will allow residents over 18 to possess up to 50 grams and grow two plants. Under existing legislation, people with up to 50 grams or two plants for personal use face fines. If paid within 60 days, they do not appear on a criminal record.


However, Porter has warned separate commonwealth offences may still apply and – if they do – “the expectation would be commonwealth laws would be enforced”.

The ACT government believes its new laws create a defence for ACT residents who could be charged with a commonwealth offence.

The commonwealth director of public prosecutions, Sarah McNaughton, first advised that commonwealth law allowed a defence for people engaged in conduct “justified or excused” by a state or territory law, but then withdrew her advice citing unspecified “legal complexities”.


A spokesman for the CDPP told Guardian Australia the advice was withdrawn “following communications with the attorney-general’s department” and “further legal consideration was given to the issues”.


“There has not been detailed judicial consideration of the defence contained in [Commonwealth criminal code section] 313.1 and its potential scope,” he said, explaining why the CDPP could not be definitive about the legal risk to ACT residents.


Michael Pettersson, the Labor member of the ACT Legislative Assembly who moved the successful private member’s bill, told Guardian Australia it was “extraordinary” the CDPP had withdrawn her initial advice, questioning what “legal technicalities” and correspondence may have changed her view.

“Peter Dutton might be advocating that they interfere by changing ACT Self-government Act or potentially changing the criminal code,” he said.

“But Greg Hunt is out there saying based on current laws that this is a state and territory issue.”


Hunt also reiterated his opposition to vaping, citing 11 deaths “directly attributable to vaping” and describing e-cigarettes as “a massive on-ramp to smoking”.

Hunt has commissioned research from the national centre for epidemiology at the Australian National University to assess claims by advocates that legalising vaping is a harm minimisation that would help people quit smoking.



California water board sends warnings to cannabis growers



California water board sends warnings to cannabis growers


The California Water Boards sent at least 270 letters to farmers in the Emerald Triangle, warning them to come into compliance with regulations or face possible fines and even the loss of their cultivation licenses.

The agency posted on Twitter that its Division of Water Rights’ Cannabis Enforcement Section sent the letters to “residents in Trinity, Humboldt and Mendocino counties today notifying them they lack the appropriate permits for commercial cannabis cultivation.”

Marijuana Business Daily obtained  one example of the letters, which were sent to landowners whose properties “appear … to be used for cannabis cultivation or associated activities.

“However, there is no record of any person associated with this property having enrolled in the State Water Board’s Cannabis Cultivation Program,” the letter reads.
The letters warn recipients that they need to obtain proper permission from the agency for water rights used in marijuana growing.

If they do not, they could be fined or lose any state cannabis cultivation permit for their properties.

Last year, more than 2,300 licenses were issued in Humboldt, Mendocino and Trinity counties, the three areas that make up the Emerald Triangle.



ITV Emmerdale viewers in hysterics over how weird Doug’s cannabis plants look



ITV Emmerdale viewers in hysterics over how weird Doug’s cannabis plants look


Liverpool Echo


Viewers were distracted from the storyline as Doug’s plants looked slightly odd


Emmerdale viewers were shocked to learn that 73-year-old Doug was growing a cannabis farm in his allotment.

Laurel’s father had been using the drug to ease his back problem.

But after Ryan and Moira’s son Matty were caught smoking marijuana, Doug confessed to Rodney that it was him that supplied the drugs.

Unsure about what to do, Doug took Rodney to his allotment – which Rodney presumed would be small.

However he was stunned to see that Doug had grown thousands of pounds worth of the Class B drug.




Asking where he learnt how to set up such a farm, Doug claimed he became educated on the matter using only the internet.

But viewers were distracted from the storyline as Doug’s plants looked slightly odd.


The green leaves of the plants looked incredibly waxy, with a number of viewers making light of how they appeared.

Declan said: “Hahahaha looks nothing like cannabis plants lol more like cheese plants.”


Josh wrote: “Proper loving the shiny plastic weed plants on #Emmerdale.”


One fan said: “I wouldn’t set fire to those plants doug……. Burning plastic is toxic!”

Another viewer joked: “Can a person get nicked by the police for having a cricket hut full of Scheflera plants #Emmerdale #Dodgydrugs.”

And Samantha said: “Nice plastic plants Doug! #Emmerdale #Unrealistic.”



Cannabis equipment sellers welcome big ACT law chang



Cannabis equipment sellers welcome big ACT law change


Sellers of the gizmos and paraphernalia for smoking cannabis in the ACT have welcomed the decision to legalise possession of the drug in the territory.


But it might not make much difference to their business, some of them said.

Consumers of marijuana who want to buy the special glass “bongs” in which the herb is burned to emit mood-changing smoke for inhalation already know where the products are available, said one seller.

She didn’t foresee a big increase in demand for the water pipes but welcomed a change in the law.

It was just recognising a reality about a widely used drug which she felt was safe.

Her colleague in the store thought legalisation would help the drug gain acceptance.

“There will be more open talk. Less taboo,” said Jennifer Lawrence, assistant manager of Hello Sexy which has a section selling “bongs”, the glass flasks used for the preparation of cannabis so that it can be inhaled without smoking it with tobacco. She thought cigarettes were more dangerous. 


“At least 80 per cent of our customers for cannabis gear have full time jobs,” said Hannah Greene who manages the store in Fyshwick.

“They are functioning human beings. They are normal, every-day people.

“You would be surprised at the variety of people who come in.”


One person in the store said cannabis helped her cut down on anxiety and so made medicinal drugs unnecessary. It took her off medication.

Selling this kind of glass apparatus for cannabis (marijuana, dope, pot) is legal in the ACT but not elsewhere in Australia so Canberra was something of a mecca for smokers of pot.

“We get regulars coming from Wagga and from the coast,” she said.

In Sydney, for example, the sale of marijuana paraphernalia was under the counter. The police confiscate and prosecute any sellers. Being caught is a costly business.

Ms Greene said that the key legal thing was to block ice (crystal meth) while allowing marijuana in its different forms.

“Anything to do with ice should be illegal,” said Ms Greene. Her assistant manager, Jennifer Lawrence echoed her instantly with “Oh, yeah. Oh, yeah.”

The sale of ice paraphernalia is illegal everywhere, including in the ACT. The glass tube for its use is closed whereas with the cannabis bong, is open. The configuration is different.

And so are the people. “Before they have even come around the corner, I will know they are on ice,” said shop manager, Ms Greene. “The way they talk. They’ve got bad teeth. The way they walk. They are just very out of control.”


She said any trouble with customers in her shop was usually with ice addicts seeking paraphernalia which the shop doesn’t and won’t sell. Cannabis users were no more trouble than customers of any other type of shop.

“Ice will ruin your life,” she and her assistant, Ms Lawrence said as one.

Other shops selling glass pipes were cagey about talking about their trade. One said that the pipes or bongs were sold for non-narcotic use and if a potential customer mentioned cannabis they were not served.


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The DEA Joins the FDA in THC Vapes Crackdown

[ https:// ]

FM:  The DEA Joins the FDA in THC Vapes Crackdown (2019-Sep-26)



The criminalization of illicit vaping products appears to follow a similar logic as that of a prosecutor charging a person with a drug-induced homicide offense for the distribution of a drug that’s later involved in a death — yet such seized vaping products are not necessarily being connected to deaths.


UK Government Advises Travelers Not to Bring CBD Products to UAE



UK Government Advises Travelers Not to Bring CBD Products to UAE


UK advises against carrying CBD to UAE


The United Arab Emirates (UAE) has a zero-tolerance policy for illegal drugs. This is why the British government strongly discourages travelers from carrying any product which may contain CBD, including e-cigarettes and body lotion, among others.

Drug trafficking is a very serious offense anywhere in the world, and the UAE has stringent laws on the said matter. This week, the UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO) released a reminder for travelers stating that even mundane things may unknowingly have illegal substances in them.


The FCO Warning

According to the FCO, several items that a traveler usually carries like e-cigarette refills or skincare products may be mixed with ingredients that are not permitted in the UAE. This includes CBD oil.

Cannabidiol or CBD is an extract from the same plant species that produces marijuana. Unlike its illegal cousin, the CBD has been dubbed as a natural healing remedy and is often used for treating different kinds of pain. The CBD boom has found success in many parts of the world.

CBD oil can be freely bought and used in most countries of Europe as long as the amount conforms to the regulations. This substance should not of over the limit for tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) content. The THC is an active component of cannabis that creates a psychoactive effect on the user—the high commonly associated with marijuana.

In the cosmetics industry, CBD is getting more popular as an ingredient because of its anti-inflammatory property, as claimed by many users. The most often used CBD preparation in skincare products is one with zero THC.


It’s not just cosmetic care products like lipsticks or eyeliners that are infused with CBD these days. Even bars of soap and moisturizers may be laced with the substance. These are mostly legal for sale and use in many European countries and the US.


Illegal Drugs in the UAE

UK’s Foreign Office insists that the Emirati government is unforgiving when it comes to illegal drugs. Even the tiniest amount of any unlawful substances can land anyone in jail for four years or more.

It’s also not just applicable for people carrying illegal substances in their luggage or person. Authorities may nab travelers for possession if they are found to have drugs in their bloodstream.


As for people in transit who may only pass by Dubai, the FCO says that carrying residual amounts of illegal drugs can imprison them. The UAE has state-of-the-art facilities at their airports and has strict security measures in place. Carrying illegal drugs anywhere in the country is not permitted.

People returning home from a holiday should take caution with who they come in contact with. Trace amounts of any illegal substance that may have been passed to them may be grounds for arrest. Similarly, travelers should check the items they have brought, which may contain CBD.

CBD, although gaining acceptance from the rest of the world because of its healing properties, is still largely illegal in UAE.




320 cannabis plants are seized after raid in Leigh



320 cannabis plants are seized after raid in Leigh


A HUGE cannabis farm containing more than 300 plants was discovered when police raided a home in Leigh.

Essex Police executed a warrant at an address in Hillside Crescent shortly before 9am on Friday morning.


Inside, police discovered a large cannabis cultivation alongside a professional set-up which saw electricity abstracted – and a large axe.

And with a number of cannabis cultivations found in south Essex in recent weeks, the Southend policing team urged residents to continue supplying the force with vital intelligence.

A spokesman for the team said: “Positive drugs warrant executed this morning by officers in Leigh.


“A total of 320 plants were recovered meaning a considerable amount of drugs will not reach the streets of Southend.

“Please keep providing us information, you are our eyes and ears.


“You may not see a reaction straight away, but your information leads to warrants such as this.”

And residents were quick to praise the force for their work.

James Watkins, 47, from Leigh, said: “Great result and very pleasing to see more drugs taken off the streets of Southend.

“This stuff causes real problems and its always good to see raids and convictions. I think tough sentences are the only way to get rid of the drugs problem in Southend.”

Insp Ian Hughes said: “Great result on Friday morning. 320 plants seized which means they won’t find their way onto our streets.”

A man was arrested and released under investigation.


A spokesman for Essex police said: “Officers conducted a warrant in Leigh on Friday.

“They attended an address in Hillside Crescent shortly before 9am and arrested a 25-year-old man on suspicion of the cultivation of cannabis and abstracting electricity. He has since been released under investigation.”


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Man found with laundry bag full of cannabis and lock knife arrested in Romford



Man found with laundry bag full of cannabis and lock knife arrested in Romford


A man was arrested for possession of an offensive weapon and drugs after police searched his car and found a “large quantity” of cannabis in a laundry bag last night (Monday, September 23).


The man was seen driving a Ford Focus by the Romford Safer Transport Team and checks on his vehicle showed he was insured to drive.

The car was stopped and while officers spoke to the man, there was a strong smell of cannabis coming from him and the car.

Before searching the car, the man told officers that there was cannabis in the boot.


The vehicle was then searched and a “large quantity of cannabis was found in the boot in a laundry bag”.

After seeing the bag, the man then told police that there was more cannabis behind the passenger’s seat, where officers found another 12 boxes of cannabis in a plastic box.

Two more bags of cannabis and five wraps of believed to be class A drugs were also found in the driver’s door pocket.

A lock knife was found in the driver’s jacket pocket which he said was given to him by a family member as a keepsake.

The man was arrested and taken to an east London police station where he is assisting with their enquiries.

The vehicle was also seized.


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